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Exponential Decay
Negative Exponents
Multiplying and Dividing Fractions 4
Evaluating Expressions Involving Fractions
The Cartesian Coordinate System
Adding and Subtracting Fractions with Like Denominators
Solving Absolute Value Inequalities
Multiplying Special Polynomials
FOIL Method
Inequalities
Solving Systems of Equations by Graphing
Graphing Compound Inequalities
Solving Quadratic Equations by Completing the Square
Addition Property of Equality
Square Roots
Adding and Subtracting Fractions
The Distance Formula
Graphing Logarithmic Functions
Fractions
Dividing Mixed Numbers
Evaluating Polynomials
Power of a Product Property of Exponents
Terminology of Algebraic Expressions
Adding and Subtracting Rational Expressions with Identical Denominators
Solving Exponential Equations
Factoring The Difference of 2 Squares
Changing Fractions to Decimals
Solving Linear Equations
Using Patterns to Multiply Two Binomials
Completing the Square
Roots of Complex Numbers
Methods for Solving Quadratic Equations
Conics in Standard Form
Solving Quadratic Equations by Using the Quadratic Formula
Simplifying Fractions 2
Exponential Notation
Exponential Growth
The Cartesian Plane
Graphing Linear Functions
The Slope of a Line
Finding Cube Roots of Large Numbers
Rotating Axes
Common Mistakes With Percents
Solving an Equation That Contains a Square Root
Rational Equations
Properties of Common Logs
Composition of Functions
Using Percent Equations
Solving Inequalities
Properties of Exponents
Graphing Quadratic Functions
Factoring a Polynomial by Finding the GCF
The Rectangular Coordinate System
Adding and Subtracting Fractions
Multiplying and Dividing Rational Expressions
Improper Fractions and Mixed Numbers
Properties of Exponents
Complex Solutions of Quadratic Equations
Solving Nonlinear Equations by Factoring
Solving Quadratic Equations by Factoring
Least Common Multiples
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Solving Exponential Equations
Solving Linear Equations
Multiplication Property of Equality
Multiplying Mixed Numbers
Multiplying Fractions
Reducing a Rational Expression to Lowest Terms
Literal Numbers
Factoring Trinomials
Logarithmic Functions
Adding Fractions with Unlike Denominators
Simplifying Square Roots
Adding Fractions
Equations Quadratic in Form
Dividing Rational Expressions
Slopes of Parallel Lines
Simplifying Cube Roots That Contain Variables
Functions and Graphs
Complex Numbers
Multiplying and Dividing Fractions 1
Composition of Functions
Intercepts of a Line
Powers
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Multiplying Two Numbers with the same Tens Digit and whose Ones Digits add up to 10
Factoring Trinomials
Exponents and Polynomials
Decimals and their Equivalent Fractions
Negative Integer Exponents
Adding and Subtracting Mixed Numbers
Solving Quadratic Equations
Theorem of Pythagoras
Equations 1
Subtracting Fractions
Solving Quadratic Equations by Graphing
Evaluating Polynomials
Slope
Angles and Degree Measure
   
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Angles and Degree Measure

An angle has three parts: an initial ray, a terminal ray, and a vertex (the point of intersection of the two rays), as shown in the figure below.

An angle is in standard position if its initial ray coincides with the positive x-axis and its vertex is at the origin. We assume that you are familiar with the degree measure of an angle. It is common practice to use θ (the Greek lowercase theta) to represent both an angle and its measure. Angles between 0º and 90º are acute, and angles between 90º and 180º are obtuse.

Positive angles are measured counterclockwise, and negative angles are measured clockwise. For instance, the figure below shows an angle whose measure is -45º. You cannot assign a measure to an angle by simply knowing where its initial and terminal rays are located. To measure an angle, you must also know how the terminal ray was revolved. For example, this figure shows that the angle measuring -45º has the same terminal ray as the angle measuring 315º. Such angles are coterminal. In general, if θ is any angle, then

θ + n(360º), n is a nonzero integer

is coterminal with θ.

An angle that is larger than 360º is one whose terminal ray has been revolved more than one full revolution counterclockwise, as shown in the following figure.

NOTE

It is common to use the simbol θ to refer to both an angle and its measure. For instance, in the previous figure, you can write the measure of the smaller angle as θ = 45º.

 

Radian Measure

To assign a radian measure to an angle θ, consider θ to be a central angle of a circle of radius 1, as shown in the figure below.

The radian measure of θ is then defined to be the length of the arc of the sector. Because the circumference of a circle is 2πr, the circumference of a unit circle (of radius 1) is 2π. This implies that the radian measure of an angle measuring is 360º. In other words, 360º = 2π radians.

Using radian measure for θ, the length s of a circular arc of radius r is s = rθ, as shown in the figure below.

You should know the conversions of the common angles shown in the next figure. For other angles, use the fact that is equal to radians.

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